Scientific Literature on GMOs

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To search alphabetically by author, please see Category:Scientific Literature GMO.


Prominent GMO Critics

Environmental claims

Charles Benbrook

chief scientist of the Organic Center in Oregon, wrote a much-quoted paper claiming that transgenic crops increase pesticide use.

Food and Water Watch

NGO interested in a range of topics including not only GMOs but irradiation and nanotechnology. Recent campaigns include activism on AquaBounty's transgenic salmon.


has released several popular-level reports critical of transgenics.

John Losey

researched the potential for monarch butterfly caterpillars to be harmed by transgenic Bt-expressing pollen.

David Suzuki

a respected scientist and science communicator until his retirement in 2001, has made public statements against GM foods.

Nassim Taleb

an economist interested in the Precautionary Principle.

Union of Concerned Scientists

best known for their report, "Failure to Yield".

Luiz Zobiole

researched mineral uptake in Roundup Ready plants.

Health claims

Mike Adams (Natural News)

the "Health Ranger", runs a website dedicated to alternative medicine and conspiracy theories.

Mark Bittman

food journalist and NY Times columnist, has written several anti-GM articles.

Thomas Bohn (Bøhn)

wrote a paper on glyphosate contamination of GM soybeans.

Judy Carman

wrote a study on GM feed and pigs.

Consumers Union

publisher of Consumer Reports magazine, which has recently come out as anti-GM.

Z El-Shamei

wrote a paper describing minor cellular-level differences in rats fed GM feed.

ENSSER (European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility)

best known for their statement on a lack of scientific consensus for GM safety.

Environmental Working Group

most famous for their annual "Dirty Dozen" report on pesticide residues, but they also have multiple other consumer reports.

Vani Hari (Food Babe)

has a popular blog questioning the safety of GM products and many other standard food practices.

Don Huber

claimed to have isolated a new pathogen associated with glyphosate.

Samuel Leblanc & Aziz Aris

claimed to have found Bt toxin in pregnant women and in fetuses.

Manuela Malatesta

claimed to have found cellular-level differences in mice fed GE soy.

Joseph Mercola

an alternative-medicine web entrepreneur.

Belin Mezzomo

was popularly portrayed as having shown that Bt toxin causes leukemia.

Mehmet Oz (Dr. Oz)

a surgeon and TV doctor who is outspoken about GMOs as well as many alternative therapies.

Arpad Pusztai

was portrayed as having shown that GE potatoes have mysterious harmful effects not linked to the proteins they produce.

Stephanie Seneff

blames glyphosate for "most of the diseases and conditions associated with a Western diet."

Gilles-Eric Seralini (Séralini)

has written many anti-GM papers. His most famous one involved photographing rats with huge tumors.

Jeffrey Smith (Institute for Responsible Technology)

most famous for "Seeds of Deception" and "Genetic Roulette".

Sándor Spisák

did not actually study transgenics, but has been used by anti-GMO activists because he is believed to have found that DNA from our food can wind up in our bloodstream.

Siriporn Thongprakaisang

researched a possible link between glyphosate and breast cancer.

Socioeconomic Claims

Bill Freese

of the Center for Food Safety, wrote a paper on regulation of transgenics.


is an organization that publishes many anti-GM works and promotes conspiratorial origins for pro-GM organizations.

Michael Pollan

food writer famous for "The Omnivore's Dilemma", "Botany of Desire", "In Defense of Food", "Food Rules", and other works; advocates policy changes.

Vandana Shiva

an ecofeminist and public figure who is interested in "Terminator genes" and Indian farmer suicides.

Multiple Claims

John Fagan and Michael Antoniou (Earth Open Source)

best known for the book "GMO Myths and Truths".

Mae-Wan Ho (Institute of Science in Society, ISIS)

most famous for the "800+ scientists against GMOs" letter, but has written several other anti-GM pieces.

Organic Consumers Association (Millions against Monsanto, Ronnie Cummins)

best known for their project Millions against Monsanto, but have many other campaigns.

Henry Rowlands (Sustainable Pulse, GMO Evidence, GMO Seralini, GMO Carman, Global GMO Free Coalition, GM Watch)

is primarily known for running anti-GM websites.

Thierry Vrain

a retired plant and animal scientist, known for his TED talk about GMOs.

Prominent GMO Advocates

Environmental Claims

Jian Duan

a USDA entomologist who performed a meta-analysis of transgenic Bt's effects on honeybees.

Health Claims

Chelsea Snell

her review focused only on GMO feeding trials that were multigenerational and/or long-term.

Alison van Eenennaam

reviewed scientific literature on the effect of GMOs on livestock health, dating from the introduction of GMOs.

Multiple Claims

European Commission

reviewed only EU-funded research on GMOs.

National Research Council

provided comprehensive examinations of GMO use in the United States.

Alessandro Nicolia

reviewed all available literature on GMO environmental and health safety.


Center for Food Safety

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